The ingrown hair or pseudo follicle appears when the sharp tip of the hair relaxes, and as a result of the clogged pore changes the trajectory of growth. On the outside, we see redness on the skin or red tubercle, which can inflame and cause pain. The most offensive is that the folliculitis appears on the most prominent or sensitive places of the body and face. For example, in men, folliculitis is usually seen in the area of the beard, and in women in the bikini, underarms and legs.
Symptoms of ingrown hair
- Solid cones, small and round (so-called papules);
- Small pustules that are filled with pus or serous contents;
- Itching, hyperpigmentation of the skin, pain.
Ingrown hair is not a dangerous skin disease, but can cause a person a lot of discomfort and discomfort. Ingrown hair is a small brown or reddish-colored formation on the skin in the form of a tubercle with purulent contents, in which the growing hair can be seen or not seen.
Ingrown hair often occurs after the procedure of hair removal in the private bathroom, but it happens that even after visiting beauty salons, such an unpleasant phenomenon happens. To understand how to get rid of this problem, you need to understand what exactly it provokes carefully. Cosmetologists say that the process associated with ingrowth directly depends on the number and density of the epidermal layers. If the surface contains a significant number of cells of the stratum corneum, they make the skin too rough, so thin growing hair is problematic to get out. For this reason, the hair begins to follow the path of less resistance, beginning to bend, and grow horizontally, and not vertically, as it usually does.
People with dark, stiff hairs and dark skin are most prone to such a problem. The reason is that this type of hair grows much faster than light hair. We add to all other dense skin, and ingrownness cannot be avoided.
How to prevent ingrown hair (folliculitis)?
If you use the above depilation methods, then after each procedure, use scrubs. It is scrubs that purify our skin from contamination and dead cells; this helps to avoid pitting and the appearance of folliculitis.
Ingrown hair can appear if you have a predisposition:
- a thick layer of the epidermis (hyperkeratosis);
- genetic predisposition;
- the disturbed hormonal background (for example, bursts of estrogen, observed at the beginning of the menstrual cycle). Changes of this kind can occur with high estrogen production, as well as in the
- disorder of the endocrine system;
- damage to the hair channel during the hair removal procedure;
- the formation of a small scar in the hair channel after epilation;
- hair breaking is lower than the level of the epidermis. This happens if mistakes were made during the epilation procedure;
- shaving, performed against hair growth (especially when the blade is not new);
- constant wearing of inconvenient underwear made of synthetic material. Such underwear does not allow moisture to evaporate from the surface of the skin and often leads to the development of bacterial infections. It is because of this, after removing hair is not recommended to wear synthetic underwear immediately.
If we are talking about the already existing ingrown hair, then the scrub is unfortunately ineffective, here the ingrown hair should be treated. In this case, only laser hair removal can help. The laser beam focuses on the pigment of the hair, so the laser can remove even deeply hidden hair, but this will take several procedures.
The main thing is not to self-medicate, removing ingrown hair with a needle or other object, can only worsen the condition of your skin. In this way, you can carry the infection and cause even more inflammation, leaving a scar or scar. If the problem of ingrown hair becomes acute for you, go to a cosmetologist, he will select the right laser treatment, plus the necessary creams or lotions.
What not to do when removing ingrown hair Most people try to cope with the problem with the help of improvised items, but such actions often lead to complications. Therefore, below is a list of actions that should be avoided:
- Use tweezers or too sharp needle without pre-treatment, because such manipulations can lead to infection and further inflammation;
- Once again, do not use that method of hair removal, after which such a problem appeared;
- Do not put pressure on the hair bulb in the place where the hair grows, because this can lead to the effusion of purulent contents deep into the skin.
How to prepare for hair removal threatment
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It is best not to bring hair to grow, but to resort to the prevention of this phenomenon. Before you start to deal with the problem that appears after epilation, you need to change the very approach to the procedure for getting rid of hair. Agree, it is foolish to do the same actions all the time, and hope for a positive outcome. Prevention measures aimed at preventing ingrown hairs:
- Shortly before the epilation, perform an exfoliating procedure (light peeling or scrubbing) to get rid of the dead cells of the epidermis;
- Shaving should be carried out strictly in the direction of growth, but not in the other direction;
- It is essential to perform a light scrubbing or peeling, which is then repeated several times during a couple of days;
- Whether shaving, waxing or sugaring, you should apply to the skin a special means of slowing the growth of hair or at least moisturizing cream;
- Do not wear uncomfortable synthetic underwear, as this can lead to a relapse.
Methods ingrown hair removal
What to do if after hair removal begin to grow hairs? They are necessarily removed carefully, so as not to cause additional inflammation. From ingrown hair can get rid of the following methods:
- If they are not too deep, and there is no inflammation, just rip up the skin and do a home chemical peeling or scrubbing. Also, to remove dead cells of the stratum corneum, you can take a stiff loofah or a special mitten. Removal of dead cells of the stratum corneum can be done every other day, and the skin after such procedures should be treated with a moisturizer or lotion.
- If there is inflammation, but there is no purulent vesicle or hair sat down deeply produce a mechanical hair removal. This method is described in detail below. Mechanically ingrown hair can be removed at home, but it is better to provide this procedure to a specialist so that complications do not arise.
- Surgical way to remove ingrown hairs is when a pustule is formed and there is extensive inflammation. Such a procedure can be carried out by a surgeon in a regular polyclinic. The surgical method of removing ingrown hair consists of opening the abscess, sanitizing the wound and removing the hair. The wound is treated with an antiseptic and dressing or bactericidal adhesive plaster is applied.
- Photoepilation is carried out only in the cosmetology room. The light pulse destroys ingrown hair. For very light and gray hair is not suitable.
- Electrolysis is also carried out only by a cosmetologist. Ingrown hair is removed even at great depth with the help of a needle-electrode, through which an electric current is passed.
- Hair removal by laser. The most used and effective technique for today is applied to any skin color. Hardware procedures are performed only in the absence of inflammation and suppuration.
Aftercare cosmetologist’s advice
To combat ingrown hair, different means and methods are used. To ingrown hairs appear less frequently, you should regularly use a body scrub. Daily taking a shower, you should use a loofah, carefully handle every part of the body, especially problem areas.
To combat ingrown hairs, it is better to use home scrubs. Effective coffee scrub. To make it, you need to take coffee grounds, add a tablespoon of olive oil, a little shower gel. If desired, you can add sugar and fragrant oils.
Such a scrub well tones up and tightens the skin, positively affects the problem areas, and even, with regular use, it can reduce the appearance of cellulite. This remedy for ingrown hairs should be applied twice a week.
Lotions and compresses
For compresses use different herbs that have anti-inflammatory effects.
To help the hairline break through the skin, you need to prepare a lotion of two aspirin tablets, a quarter cup of boiled water and a teaspoon of glycerin. This lotion needs to rub the ingrown hairs several times a day. As a result, the hairs must themselves sprout outward.
Salicylic acid from ingrown hairs
Salicylic acid is one of the most effective means of ingrown hairs. It is applied to problem areas with ingrown hairs. For 3-4 days of regular use, ingrown hairs should be released. Salicylic acid removes minor redness, prevents the formation of scars after ingrown hairs.
The skin needs to be moisturized regularly. To do this, you can use a variety of creams and lotions.
When ingrown hair is not recommended to use to moisturize the body of oil or greasy cream, which can clog pores. It is best to use simple means, which include natural ingredients.
In cosmetologists to prevent ingrown hair using particular means. Lines of cosmetics from ingrown hair are available in almost every cosmetic company. There are ointments, a local purpose, which help to soften the skin and sprout hair.
Hair growth is a widespread problem. Ingrown hair does not pose a particular danger to human health. But, inflamed, they create a beneficial environment for infections. Through an abscess of ingrown hair, a dangerous infection can enter the skin. In some cases, stains and scars may remain from ingrown hairs.
To overcome the problem, you should carefully monitor the skin condition and use all possible ways to combat ingrown hairs.
Removal of pigment spots after ingrown hairs
The ingrown hair after epilation often causes an inflammatory process that manifests itself in the form of puffiness, uneven redness and denseness of the skin. In the future, in the area of skin inflammation when exposed to sunlight, pigmented spots may appear.
Most often, focal pigmentation occurs in the bikini area: before a visit to the beach or solarium, most people shave the ingrown hairs on their legs, and also in the bikini zone and, subsequently, on the inflamed areas exposed to UV irradiation, pigmentation occurs.